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Leather Type Article and Curing Guide Line

Leather is a material invented by the earlier ages for their domestic use, because of its durability, flexibility and warmness. In early ages, people take the hide from animal and use them after little processing. But now in this advance world, leather have change its shape and versatility. It’s re-shape the life of human being from undergarment to fashion garment, from shoes to luggage solution like bags and many more. In this modern world, leather brought back the nature to us. In this extra ordinary use of leather in our lives, modern ternaries have a major role. These ternaries process leather in different style & type according to what modern world need. There are many type of leather, but the major types are discussed below:

Main Leather Types

  • Full-Grain: Upper section of hide that contained epidermis and hair, these epidermises & hair removed to get clear surface. Full grain leather have not been sanded, buffed and snuffed in order to remove any type of imperfection. Full grain leather remains in its natural state with its natural fiber strength & durability, resulting natural breath ability for long term use. It develops natural patina over time. For checking full grain leather, scratch lightly on the surface of leather with your nail. If it leaves a lighter color streak, it’s full grain. Full-grain leathers are typically available in two finish types:
    1. Aniline leather: Aniline leather is very fine leather, commonly oiled or waxed. The oil or wax, added during the production-process, gives the leather its characteristic and natural looks.
    2. Semi-aniline leather: When aniline leather is being treated with a transparent paint and provided with a sheet of this paint, we than call it semi-aniline leather. It makes leather much more suitable for intensive usage.
  • Top-Grain: Leather is a misnomer: it gives the false impression that it is "top" quality. In fact, full-grain is the highest quality. Top-grain leather is the second-highest quality. Its surface has been sanded and refinished. As a result, it has a colder, plastic feel, less breath ability, and will not develop a natural patina. However, it does have 2 advantages over full-grain leather: it is typically less expensive, and has greater resistance to stains.
  • Corrected-Grain: Leather is any leather that has had an artificial grain applied to its surface. The hides used to create corrected leather are of inferior quality that does not meet the high standards for use in creating vegetable-tanned or aniline leather. The imperfections are corrected and an artificial grain applied. Most corrected-grain leather is used to make pigmented leather as the solid pigment helps hide the corrections or imperfections. Corrected grain leathers can mainly be bought as two finish types: semi-aniline and pigmented.
  • Split: Leather is leather created from the fibrous part of the hide left once the top-grain has been separated from the hide. During the Cutting/Splitting operation, the top grain and the remaining separated. The remaining down split can be further split according to thickness needed, into a middle split and a flesh split. In very thick hides, the middle split can be separated into multiple layers until the thickness prevents further splitting. Split leather then has an artificial layer applied to the surface of the split and is embossed with a leather grain. For suede this split leather is also used. The strongest suede’s are usually made from grain splits (that have the grain completely removed) or from the flesh split that has been shaved to the correct thickness.

Maintenance of Leather

The main rule for removing stains is reacting quickly and don't let the stain dry up. One should try to absorb as much as possible of the substance with a tissue or cotton. Immediately dab with warm (not hot) water. When the spots have not been deleted, be careful with using all kinds of products. Please only use those products that have been advised by experts.

A few suggestions:

  • Full-Grain: Use water only. Dab with a tissue or cotton. Be careful not to use too much water. Always treat the stain with care. Afterwards rub the area around the stain gently so we won’t get any cackles from the water.
  • Full-Grain: All kinds of oily stains will be removed best by using tally powder. Provide a bit of powder on the stain. Press lightly and leave to absorb for a few days. Afterwards remove the tally and the result will be a diminished or even vanished stain.
  • Full-Grain: If you prefer a total cleaning of the leather we would advise you to go to a professional or you could inform at the dry-cleaning about their methods.